Congenital deformities or abnormalities are anatomical and functional alterations that appear when the baby is developing in the uterus. They cause partial or total absence of a body part or a lack of functionality in an anatomical structure.
Their causes are normally genetic or can be due to nutritional deficits, environmental factors or the consumption of harmful substances.
With reconstructive surgery, the aim is to return functionality to the affected area and to obtain, simultaneously, an anatomically and aesthetically correct shape.
The most common abnormalities that we treat are:
- Cleft lip and palate
- Alterations of the scull and facial skeleton (craniosynostosis)
- Abnormalities in the development of the hand (syndactyly, polydactyly, fissures, etc.)
- Microtia (absence of earlobe or external ear)
- Genitourinary abnormalities (see also: Genital Surgery)